At the center of every termite colony is a queen, but before she becomes the center of a thriving, feeding colony, deep inside the earth or hidden in the walls of your house, you may get a glimpse of her. Queen termites begin their lives as winged female reproductives. When a nest matures, it will begin to produce male and female reproductives for the purpose of creating new nests.
Termite swarmers vary in size, depending on the species, but they are usually smaller than ½ inch, with white wings that double their length. These wings start at the neck of these termites and go as far as the length of their body beyond their abdomen. On a 1-inch termite swarmer, ¾ of their length will be wing length. For this reason, the white wings of a termite swarmer will be the most prominent visual characteristic when you see dozens or hundreds of them crawling around on your external walls, window sills, and walkways. And, while the wings of termite swarmers are transparent, they can appear bright white or yellow because of the way they stack one on top of the other on the back of the swarmer. And, since they stack, their four wings do not have a cleft at the end, like the wings of ant swarmers. Instead, there will be a rounded edge.
Termite swarmers are most often black in color, but they can be brown, depending on the species. If you look closely, and you will need to because a termite swarmer is quite small, you will see that it has two antennae that do not have an elbow, like the antennae of an ant, but are straight or have a gentle curve. These antennae will appear as if they are made from extremely tiny balls stacked on top of each other.